Valve Replacement Surgery Cost in India

The aortic Valve Replacement is located between the left ventricle and the main artery, or aorta (hence its name). Its function is to separate those two parts. The aortic valve needs to stay in good health because it keeps oxygen-rich blood flowing out from the left ventricle when it contracts into the aorta and onward to other parts of the body.

This valve has three leaflets or cusps that open to allow blood flow, and then close tightly to prevent backward flow during relaxation of the left ventricle between beats.”

Aortic valve replacement is a surgical procedure to replace an aortic valve that does not work properly (aortic valve stenosis) with an artificial valve. The replacement valve lets blood flow through the newly replaced valve in a normal way. Aortic valve replacement may also be done for failures of bioprosthetic or mechanical valves or endocarditis, a condition where infection is present inside the heart.

Aortic regurgitation (AR) is one of the most common forms of valvular heart disease. Aortic valve regurgitation occurs when the aortic valve does not close properly after your blood has pumped through it. Your left ventricle (the lower chamber on the left side of your heart) is the only chamber that must pump blood out with enough force to reach your entire body.

If you have AR, some blood may flow backwards from the aorta into the left ventricle after each heartbeat, which strains your heart as it tries to pump blood throughout your body.

Aortic stenosis is a condition in which the heart’s main valve, the aortic valve, becomes narrowed. The narrowed valve obstructs (or restricts) blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta and out to the body. A buildup of pressure in the left ventricle causes it to become enlarged over time.

If aortic stenosis is severe, it can put stress on other parts of your heart and even decrease blood flow to the brain, heart and other organs.

Aortic valve regulates the flow of blood from heart to other body parts. It is a one-way valve which prevents backward flow of blood. Aortic valve replacement or repair is a surgery that surgeons perform as a solution for several congenital conditions such as – Congenital Heart Disease, Leaky Aortic Valve, and Narrowed Aortic Valve. This condition can develop over time due to advancing age, rheumatic fever, injury to heart or coronary artery disease.

When the aortic valve is narrowed, blood flow to the body is blocked. The patient may require medication to relieve symptoms and prevent more serious complications, but this is only a short-term solution. Eventually, surgery will be required to either repair or replace the affected valve. There are various techniques for surgically removing a damaged aortic valve and replacing it with a prosthetic valve. Depending on the size of the heart and condition of the patient, different surgical techniques will be used.

This is considered as the most common form of aortic Valve Replacement Surgery Cost in India. This technique is used in over 88% of all surgeries involving aortic valve replacement. In this approach, a large incision is made in your breastbone (sternum) and your heart is stopped and placed on a bypass machine. Based on the results of this surgery, it is then decided whether you are eligible for minimally invasive valve repair or not.

During the surgery, the cardiothoracic surgeon makes an incision down the center of your chest, between your breasts. The length of the incision depends on how complex your procedure is. However, most incisions are six to eight inches long.

This surgery places a 10 to 20 inch incision down the midline of the chest. The surgeon then divides the sternum, or breastbone, with a handheld saw or an oscillating saw

Cardiac valve surgery may involve replacing, repairing or reconstructing a damaged or abnormal heart valve. Our surgeons use minimally invasive surgical techniques to repair diseased valves as much as possible, and turn to tissue or artificial valves when necessary. Whether performing mending work on the heart’s mitral valve or updating its aortic valve, we have you covered.

Biological valves and mechanical valves are two types of replacement heart valves. Mechanical valves are made from artificial materials, such as plastic, carbon, or metal. Both types of heart valve replacements have pros and cons in terms of how long they will last and the side-effects associated with them.

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By Cary Grant

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