The History & Architecture of Chittorgarh Fort

Chittorgarh is a historical city of Rajasthan. The Chittorgarh Fort is perched on a hill in the city. Chittod ka killa was built by the Mewar dynasty. The fort has witnessed plenty of bloodshed throughout history. It was the site of a five-month-long siege in 1303 by Alauddin Khilji.

The history of Chittor is old. It has been mentioned in the Mahabharata. The city has been mentioned in 1437 A.D. in the Ain-i-Akbari as the capital of Mewar. The city is surrounded by massive ramparts, 15 feet high and 25 feet thick.

They include Amber Fort, Chittorgarh Fort, Gagron Fort, Jaisalmer Fort, Kumbhalgarh, and Ranthambore Fort. They were recognized as a serial cultural property and examples of Rajput military architecture due to their location on hills found in western India.

The History of Chittorgarh Fort

The Chittorgarh Fort, India’s largest fort, was home to Mewar and according to the legend is where the three Bhil brothers (Birj, Bhanj, and Bhaji) fought Lord Rama’s army to avenge their father’s death. This battle is known for being the reason behind Rama’s exile Sita. The fort was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 and it’s famous for the hundreds of different kinds of temples that exist at its premises today.

The Chittorgarh Fort or Chittod Ka Killa is one of the largest forts in India. It was built in honor of Rana Ratan Singh, who was a ruler from the Sisodia clan and also known as Rana Sanga. It took more than four centuries to construct this fort, which is also a UNESCO World Heritage site today. As you can imagine, there have been many changes to what you see now compared to how it used to be in its early days so don’t feel like you don’t have enough time to explore (even though it’s really huge!) Expect huge crowds here on weekends!

The architecture of Chittorgarh Fort

The fort, in the form of a fish, is roughly 13 kilometers long and covers an extended area of 700 acres. The fort is reached by a difficult climb over a limestone bridge that spans the Gambhir River. The bridge has ten arches – one with a curved shape and nine-pointed arches. Two tall towers dominate the majestic fortifications while the sprawling precincts feature several palaces, offices, and temples.

Chittorgarh fort measures over 305 hectares and includes a 427-hectare buffer zone for a total of 732 hectares. The fort is surrounded by fortress walls that are 8 kilometers long. These walls have seven gates built by Rana Kumbha (1433–1468) from the Sisodia clan. You can climb to the top of the fort via one of the seven entrances, as there are many steep slopes outside surrounding the fort that make it almost inaccessible to enemies.

The fort complex comprises 65 historical buildings, including four palaces, 19 main temples, 4 memorials, and 20 functional water bodies located on the western edges of the plateau. These were built in two major construction phases. The first fortification was established during the 5th century, and after successive additions, it reached its finished form during the 12th century. The second structure was constructed at a later date to protect a relocated royal entrance with seven gates.

In the western part of the fort, which has seven gates, with massive stone structures guarding its entrances. The eastern-most gate is named Padan Pol, the southern gate is named Bhairon Pol and so are the rest of the gates. The most important battle took place over the central gate of Ram Pol but despite several assaults by Mughal invaders, traces of it can still be seen to date.

Conclusion

The Chittorgarh Fort is located in Rajasthan, India. The fort has two different types of walls: an outer wall and an inner wall. The outer wall was built with red sandstone, and the inner wall was built with limestone. The fort has five gates and eight doors and is surrounded by lakes. The architecture of the Chittorgarh Fort is very interesting and has a lot of history behind it.

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