The Connection between Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes are often related. Researches show a significant role of excess fat in getting higher blood sugar levels. If you are unsure whether you are obese or diabetic, this is the right time to look for the best endocrinologist in Mumbai. But, before that, you must know the relation between obesity and its effect on your life. 

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes mellitus, also recognized as T2DM, is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar levels induced by the body’s failure to create insulin (insulin deficiency) and the peripheral organs’ inability to respond appropriately to insulin (peripheral insulin resistance). It is a disease of “impaired glucose metabolism” and “impaired fat metabolism.” Obesity, according to recent studies, can cause Type 2 Diabetes in this way. 

What exactly is obesity?

Obesity is an excess of fat (also called adipose tissue). A sedentary lifestyle, loss of access to nutritious food, genes, family history, predefined health conditions or prescription drugs, emotional factors, sleep deprivation, age, and other factors can contribute to obesity. 

Obesity is when you have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or higher. Body mass index (BMI) is the most commonly used method for calculating body fat. However, it is a contentious mathematical calculation that involves height and weight. So why is there a debate? The BMI calculation does not consider family background, sex, age, or race. Furthermore, it may be inaccurate for people with certain body types (think bodybuilders, etc.).

BMI = [Weight (lb) height (in)2] x 704.5

The BMI ranges are as described in the following:

Below 18.5 – Underweight

18.5-24.9 – Average weight

Overweight (BMI 24.5-29.9)

30 and Above – Obese

40 and up – morbidly obese

Waist circumference, which defines abdominal fat rate, is another commonly used measurement. Surplus abdominal fat can anticipate obesity-related health risks compared to total body fat. Men with waist measurements more significant than 40 inches and women with waist measurements greater than 35 inches are at risk. Other factors, such as family history, physical activity level, smoking, and diet, may assess individual risk.

What Are the Consequences of Obesity?

Obesity raises the risk of over 30 chronic health conditions, including high cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart disease, heart failure, sleep apnea, stroke, asthma, other respiratory conditions, certain cancers, and type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity

Age, race, pregnancy, stress, certain medications, genetics or family history, and high cholesterol are risk factors for type 2 diabetes. However, did you know that one of the best predictors of type 2 diabetes is, being obese or overweight? Nearly 90% of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese.

But why is that?

Obesity, on the other hand, causes increased levels of fatty acids and inflammation, which leads to insulin resistance, which can lead to type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes, also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes, is the most common type of diabetes, accounting for roughly 90% of all diabetes cases. People with type 2 diabetes can produce some insulin independently, but it is frequently insufficient, or the body’s cells do not respond to it. As a result of this insulin resistance, glucose (blood sugar) accumulates in the body, resulting in hyperglycemia.

Patients with high blood sugar usually have frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. Dehydration can also cause fatigue. Diabetes, if left untreated or poorly managed, can lead to a variety of health issues, including vision problems, nerve damage, infections, heart problems, high blood pressure, mental health issues, ketoacidosis, and stroke. 

Because type 2 diabetes is associated with being overweight, treatment for type 2 diabetes frequently focuses on diet and exercise. Oral medications can also assist the body in making better use of its insulin. In some cases, patients get insulin injections to bring blood sugar levels back to normal. Consulting with the best endocrinologist in Mumbai will help you get the proper treatment.

Being Obese and Having Type 2 Diabetes

Obesity and type 2 diabetes are not without risks, but there is a lot you can do to take control of your health. Diabetes management entails eating healthy foods, exercising regularly, reducing stress, living a healthy lifestyle, and taking medications as prescribed by your doctor.

Type 2 diabetes is treatable, but it is largely preventable. Changes in lifestyle and minor weight loss can reduce the risk of developing diabetes by 40-60%.

Conclusion: Obesity increases your risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). According to studies, severe obesity in childhood and adolescence increases the risk of T2DM in adolescents and young adults. However, T2DM, which is frequently asymptomatic, until random blood glucose levels are measured. To get a clearer picture of the health condition, consult the best endocrinologist in Mumbai. Also check our other blogs

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By Michael Caine

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