It is basic human nature to try to increase as much output as possible within the resources that are available with them. Changing various permutations and conditions of the limited resources can be tried to improve the output. Crop yield is one such important output that humanity has been trying to improve from olden times. The quantity of crop yield is something that keeps every farmer on toes. As a farmer or someone who is a small kitchen garden owner, efforts and strategies always give an improved outcome. Being a high-performance farmer is quite important for the simple fact that input resources are very precious and rare. In present times feeding an ever-increasing population and a dicey economy needs high agricultural yields more than ever. Here is a list of factors that every crop grower should always be careful about.
- THE RIGHT TIME.
Planting any kind of plant at the right time is one of the most important factors that determine crop yield. Seeing to it that crops are not sowed too early or too late will definitely have its effect on the final outcome. The technology that goes into improving seed quality cannot work without standard soil testing. Therefore, it is imperative that soil is tested and made ready for plantation. Immediately after obtaining favorable soil conditions, the process of planting should be done.
- CHECK THE SOIL.
The soil needs to be tested for a lot of things. Test it for various fertilization levels that are indispensable for the growth of the crop you are planning to grow. Phosphorus and potassium are some of the most widely required nutrients needed by almost every crop. In places like Australia where the soil is very dry wetting agents might be used to improve the soil quality. Basically wetting agents improve the ability of soil to hold water and nutrients for longer periods of time.
- USING THE RIGHT KIND OF FERTILIZERS IN THE RIGHT QUANTITY.
After testing the soil you might get an idea of the level of various nutrients that are present in the soil. In order to make the soil ready and ideal for plantation, the addition of the required fertilizers is done. Fertilizers should be added in the right quantity, not more and not less. Overuse of fertilizers can alter the ph level of soil in an unwanted way and farmers ought to be careful about it.
- HYBRID SEEDS ENSURE HIGH YIELD.
Hybrid seeds are designed and developed by expert scientists that look for the best traits in their chromosomes. These seeds are genetically modified to give maximum yield for a particular type of crop. Years of biological modification that can fight certain crop diseases are the best types of seeds and should be preferred by all farmers.
- CROP ROTATION AND A PROPER WATER MANAGEMENT.
Rotation of crops seasonally means that the same type of crop is not planted consecutively. This ensures that the soil is not deprived of the same types of nutrients and gets replenished in the meantime. Water management is yet another aspect that can not be ignored with respect to improving crop yields. The crops should get ample water in the right quantity. Too much water is harmful for the crops and therefore water drainage should also be taken care of.
Agronomists have proved that smart farming practices can help farmers to achieve exponential yields. It is only a question of technique and awareness. Farmers ought to be open to change and accept technological advancements without any hesitation. They need to understand that after a lot of research and findings advanced techniques are introduced and that there is nothing harmful in implementing them. Informed, strategic techniques are the best way to achieve high yields. For more information about plant-based food click here.